Jonathan Jones considers the question, turning to the thoughts of Burke, Johnson, Coleridge, Newman, and Kirk. His exploration of how "man lives by myth" is particularly intriguing.
The conservatism from Burke to Kirk is a very incarnational approach to politics, rooted in history and culture, skeptical of bloodless abstractions and ideologies. Very Aristotelian, really. And I would not be the first to suggest a similarity between the conservative's criticism of ideology and the postmodernist's criticism of meta-narratives.